The Italian Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic. It covers an area of 301,338 sq kms and with 61 million inhabitants it is the fourth most populous EU member state. Italy is located in the Mediterranean Sea and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and the Vatican City.
Italy is a founding member of the EU. The country is a member of numerous international organisations, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE and the WTO.
Italian law is a civil law system based on Roman law, and on French Napoleonic law.